A nice insight on the formation of IITs


My finding is that the Viceroy’s Executive Council Members — initially Sir Nalini Ranjan Sarkar (1941-43) and subsequently Sir Ardeshir Dalal (June 1944 to January 1946) and Sir Jogendra Singh (July 1942 to 1946) — were aware of Prof Hill’s report. In 1946, Dr Humayun Kabir, a Czar of Education, Government of India, established a 22-member committee and made Sir Nalini Ranjan Sarkar the Chairman. The Sarkar Committee in its interim draft has improvised Prof Hill’s report and recommended the establishment of “higher technical institutions in the Eastern, Western, Northern, and Southern regions of the country along the model of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology”. Dr B.C. Roy, then Chief Minister of West Bengal, used that part of the Sarkar Committee report to persuade Prime Minister Nehru to push through a special Act to establish an IIT Kharagpur in 1951. The rest of the IITs were established later, as is well documented.


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